Is Eating Bacon A Sin?
Is Eating Bacon A Sin In Christianity – Image Source: riveroflifehome The Bible does not specifically mention eating bacon as a sin. However, some Christians believe that eating pork is a sin because the Bible does not specifically condone it. Christians are not required to adhere to any rules when it comes to food consumption,
- A good meal includes everything, including pork, shrimp, seafood, meat, vegetables, and so on.
- Let’s go over the reasons why there isn’t something preventing us.
- According to the Old Testament, Israel was given dietary laws.
- Christ died for our sins on the cross, not just for our sake.
- He was in accordance with the law by adhering to it.
Before Jesus came, we were kept under law and shut up in faith, which we should now believe. According to Jesus, there is no need to worry about what you eat. When we don’t eat, we’re not inferior; when we eat, we’re better. Because some people are not believers, it is not a good idea to cause them to fall.
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- 1 Does the Bible say eating pork is a sin?
- 2 What foods are a sin to eat?
- 3 Can Christians get tattoos?
- 4 When did God say it’s OK to eat meat?
- 5 Did Jesus ever eat fish?
- 6 What was the diet that Jesus ate?
- 7 What did Jesus eat for dinner?
What foods are forbidden for Christians?
In the New Testament – The only dietary restrictions specified for Christians in the New Testament are to “abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from meat of strangled animals” ( Acts 15:29 ), teachings that the early Church Fathers, such as Clement of Alexandria and Origen, preached for believers to follow.
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Does the Bible say eating pork is a sin?
Indeed, in the Hebrew Bible, eating pork is not only unclean, it is treated as disgusting and horrific. The book of Isaiah associates it with death, idolatry, and sin (65:4; 66:3).
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What foods are a sin to eat?
Judaism – Perhaps the best-known illustration of the idea that the dietary laws and customs of a complex nation and its religion are based on the prior assumption of social stratification or, at least, of a sense of separateness is provided by Judaism as spelled out in the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy in the Torah (“law” or “teaching”).
Prohibited foods that may not be consumed in any form include all animals—and the products of animals—that do not chew the cud and do not have cloven hoofs (e.g., pigs and horses); fish without fins and scales; the blood of any animal; shellfish (e.g., clams, oysters, shrimp, crabs) and all other living creatures that creep; and those fowl enumerated in the Bible (e.g., vultures, hawks, owls, herons).
All foods outside these categories may be eaten,
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Is it a sin to eat certain meats?
Animal Agriculture Alliance “What Would Jesus Really Eat? The Biblical Case for Eating Meat,” tackles the challenges to Christian meat-eating and features Minnesota pork producer Randy Spronk. I’ve generally tried to follow the etiquette rule to “never discuss politics or religion in polite company,” but that can be hard to do, especially when organized political groups spill money and resources into trying to convince Christians that livestock production and eating meat are morally wrong.
The debate about whether you can eat certain foods and what food you can and should not eat is as old as the Christian text itself, so it’s not a new topic,” says Wes Jamison, associate professor of Public Relations at Palm Beach Atlantic University. “What makes it new this time is the animal rights movement has placed a focus upon this topic as a way to undermine the legitimacy of animal agriculture in the United States.” Jamison, who is also an ordained Southern Baptist minister, along with Paul Copan, a Christian theologian and author, and professor at Palm Beach Atlantic as well, recently co-edited a book that tackles the challenges to Christian meat-eating, human exceptionalism and humanity’s dominion over other living creatures.
The book, “What Would Jesus Really Eat? The Biblical Case for Eating Meat,” examines what the Bible has to say about using and eating animals from several different perspectives. The book also features our very own Minnesota pork producer and former president of the National Pork Producers Council, Randy Spronk.
“In this particular iteration, you have something of a sophisticated political group that is pouring an awful lot of money into creating resources, Sunday school lessons, talking points to try to influence people that eating animals, whether it be from an organic farm or a high production, high-efficiency farm, is somehow morally wrong,” Jamison says.
“We wrote the book in order to refute that, using the scriptures and church history itself to say this isn’t wrong. Christians may eat whatever they want.” So what denominations are falling prey to these type of actions by animal rights activists? Jamison says it isn’t necessarily the more liberal Christians.
“I would call them socially progressive and sort of that old-line Protestant denominations — Methodist, Episcopalian — who are receptive to arguments that somehow resonate within the social welfare movement itself,” Jamison says. “What that means is the social Gospel. By doing good, you do God’s will and by doing good for the most, you do God’s will and more.” Jamison says the book is written at a very approachable level for people who do attend church and/or are Christians and want to know the theological, biblical reason for what they do.
“If someone comes up to you and says, you should feel guilty about eating a veal calf, or you should feel guilty about eating meat from a large farm, this gives them a ready resource and a tool from church history and in particular the Bible itself to defend themselves,” Jamison says.
- It’s a resource for those who attend church or might actually be Christians to defend themselves and also to get the word out.
- You don’t have to be ashamed.
- In fact, you can rejoice.” Secondly, Jamison says the book can give insight to those who may not be faith-based or attend church.
- Even for the opponents of animal agriculture, it’s a resource to show here’s what the Bible actually says for the New Testament and Old Testament and here’s what church history says,” Jamison says.
“It’s generally an available resource, first for those who want to defend what they believe about eating meat, and also those who might want to understand the perspective of dominion and stewardship and other Christian principles.” If he had to condense the book down to one common theme, Jamison says it’s to convey to Christians that eating meat should not be a question of conscience.
The Christian has freedom to eat meat without it being a question of conscience. In fact, not only can they do it, they are blessed when they do it and the source of the meat is not really an issue in the New Testament,” Jamison says. “We are allowed to eat meat from any type of animals. We are allowed to do so with joy.
We are allowed to do so with freedom.” If anyone comes along telling you that you ought not to, Jamison advises looking up New Testament book 1 Timothy 4: 1-5, which gives an explicit warning to avoid people who tell you cannot eat animals, you can’t eat other things in God’s creation.
“It says that all things created by God can be eaten, can be enjoyed as long as they’re sanctified,” Jamison says. “In other words, set aside, made holy through the word of God and prayer. So, there’s lots of scriptures for the believer to use to defend themselves and rejoice in doing so.” Copies of “What Would Jesus Really Eat? The Biblical Case for Eating Meat” can be purchased from the Animal Agriculture Alliance for $15 plus shipping and handling.
Bulk order discounts are available for quantities from 25-99 ($13 per copy plus shipping and handling) and 100-plus ($10 per copy plus shipping and handling).
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What did Jesus eat in the Bible?
What Did Jesus Eat? T he Last Supper Jesus ate with his disciples plays a big part in the story of Christianity. At the meal, Jesus instituted, More than 2,000 years later, followers of Christ are still recreating this meal in remembrance of Jesus. Food and drink also play a central role in several other stories from Jesus’s life, like and,
The table seems to matter to Jesus. But what did Jesus eat at his table? What was eaten at the Last Supper? If you were having dinner with Jesus, what would the meal be like? I did a little digging to find out what biblical scholars and historians know about the foods and drinks Jesus might have enjoyed.
The short answer: a lot of bread. Bread was a staple in the supplemented with limited amounts of local fruits and vegetables, oil, and salt. Bread in first-century Galilee would have been made with, Cooks had to by hand using a tool called a quern. To leaven bread, bakers might use leftover dough from a previous batch of bread, which already had wild yeast growing in it, as a starter. Called a tabun oven, this clay oven is similar to the ovens people used to make the bread Jesus ate. There’s biblical reasons to think Jesus ate fish somewhat regularly as well. Fish was the food when he asked for something to eat so that he could show them he was really back from the dead.
Fish was also on the menu when Jesus famously, Several of, And Jesus’s ministry brought him to areas where fresh fish would have been plentiful, both for sale and to catch. There are several stories about in a boat. It’s not hard to imagine that the disciples tried to catch a few fish along the way. So there’s good reason to think fish might have been a regular entree for Jesus and his followers.
As a Jew, Jesus would have observed the Jewish dietary laws. (In other words, he would stick to the section of the grocery store today.) We know that ancient Israelites ate lamb and goat meat, but for Jesus than a daily staple. Instead, he might have relied on legumes, like beans or lentils, and fish for protein.
- The most common beverages in Jesus’s day were wine and water.
- And the way many people drank them was mixed together.
- Ancient Greeks and Romans always with water before drinking it.
- And the that the ancient Israelites did the same.
- So Jesus probably drank a lot of watered-down wine.
- However, diluted doesn’t mean alcohol-free.
The biblical evidence, Of the 37 references to wine in the New Testament, 33 use the Greek word oinos. This word designates wine that is fermented. In other words, when the New Testament references wine, it’s generally not talking about grape juice. Most of the wine made in the Holy Land during antiquity was red. The ruins of an ancient Israeli winepress. Wine grapes were grown locally in Galilee and modern-day Jordan. Winemakers poured their grapes into the vats of, where several men tread on the grapes. As the grapes were pressed, juice flowed through a connected channel containing a filter of thorns into a smaller vat below.
From the second vat, juice could be poured into containers (usually earthenware pots or wineskins made of goat and lamb hides) and sealed up to begin fermentation. The resulting wine, Shipped in ceramic or wood casks, the wine would have taken on the flavor of its container. According to Patrick McGovern, an archaeologist at the University of Pennsylvania, wine in antiquity was also flavored with tree resins, capers, and peppers.
The gospel accounts tell us that Jesus and his disciples, However, bread and wine probably weren’t the only things on the table. The Last Supper may have been a Passover meal. Passover is when Jews remember their exodus from Egypt. The gospels of Mark, Luke, and Matthew,* This is the first day of the seven-day Passover celebration.
- On this day, Jews traditionally traveled to the temple in Jerusalem to sacrifice a Passover lamb.
- Today, this day of Passover is celebrated in Judaism with the,
- The modern Seder tradition,, but Jews in Jesus’s time did share in a Passover meal after making their temple sacrifice.
- It wouldn’t have looked like a modern Seder, and the historical record of the Passover meal before the Seder tradition is less detailed.
But we do know that the Passover meal would have included unleavened bread and likely a roast lamb. So if the Last Supper was a Passover meal, we can probably place those two foods on the table. For a fuller menu, we have to do a bit of guesswork. But in 2016, two Italian archaeologists on what was eaten at the Last Supper that included a reconstructed menu. This menu reflects both that Jesus and his disciples were practicing Jews who may have been celebrating Passover, and that Roman culture surrounding them had an impact on their diet. Fish sauce, for example, was a popular Roman ingredient. And it was likely served at Herod’s banquet and the wedding at Cana.
- Jesus asks his disciples to follow him, not his diet.
- In fact, he actually,
- So there’s no need to throw out your green peppers and pineapples just because Jesus didn’t eat them.
- But we also can’t ignore that the way Jesus asked us to remember him was with a meal, by breaking bread and drinking wine together as he did with his disciples.
Learning about the foods Jesus ate reminds us that he was a real person who ate, drank, laughed, and cried at the same table as people like us. Preparing these foods for our own tables is a way that we can experience Jesus and feel connected to his earthly presence.
- This is not a replacement for Communion, but it may be a way to enhance our appreciation for it.
- Eating is both necessity and joy; in sharing the food from our tables, we spread our joy to our neighbors and show our gratitude to our provider.
- The love Jesus pours into us that we remember through Communion is spiritual nourishment that works in much the same way.
*The Gospel of John, Scholars have come up with a number of theories to explain, though it will probably always remain a bit of a mystery. The gospel writers were more focused on sharing the message of Jesus than reconciling dates. And all four accounts seem to agree that Jesus’s arrest and crucifixion took place around the time of Passover.
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What religion can’t eat what?
Written by: Sara Patience | Published: 19 September 2016 A healthy varied diet is essential for health, growth and development. Many religions include guidance on what is appropriate to eat in order to demonstrate faith. Data from the 2011 census shows that the five most common religious affiliations are Christian (59.3%), Muslim (4.8%), Hindu (1.5%), Sikh (0.8%) and Jewish (0.5%).1 Due to the diversity in religions, cultures and individual beliefs, it is always good practice to ask the patient or their representative about dietary requirements.
- Read more on similar subjects in Independent Nurse’s Nutrition section Christianity The predominant religion in the UK is Christianity.
- Generally there are no dietary restrictions.
- Individuals may choose to forgo alcohol and may choose whether or not to eat meat.2 During Lent Christians may stop eating certain foods.
Islam Muslims eat halal (lawful) foods, which include fruit, vegetables and eggs. Any meat and meat products they consume must be from a halal slaughtered animal. Milk and dairy foods are halal, cheese may be halal depending on ingredients. There are concerns that not all meat sold as halal actually is, so careful sourcing is important.3 Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.
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Can Christians drink wine?
Should Christians Drink Alcohol? “Here are your keys,” muttered the secretary when I arrived to pick up the keys to my office at Aberdeen University, where I would be studying for my doctorate in theology. “It looks like you’re in The Old Brewery.” Intrigued by the name, I later found out that it reflected the building’s original function.
Aberdeen was founded in the 15th century and used to train monks for ministry. In the brewery, monks brewed vast quantities of Scottish ale, which was served by the liter at mealtimes. And here I was, a post-fundamentalist Ph.D. student studying the Scriptures in a malted sanctuary where late medieval Bible college students once clapped mugs together in an act of worship.
Throughout Christian history, alcohol was rarely a taboo as it is in some circles today. John Calvin had a stipend of 250 gallons of wine per year written into his church contract. Martin Luther’s wife was a famed brewer of beer, which certainly won Martin’s heart.
- And the Guinness family created their renowned Irish Stout as an act of worship to Jesus.
- From Bordeaux to Berlin, wine and beer have always been part of church tradition.
- But what was once considered the nectar of heaven was later condemned as the devil’s libation.
- Moderation not Abstinence Even though some Christians advocate for the total abstinence of alcohol as a moral mandate for all believers, the Bible never requires all believers to abstain from alcohol.
It condemns drunkenness and being enslaved to wine (Ephesians 5:18; Titus 2:3), but it never says that tee-totaling is the better way to obey God. In fact, the Bible never says that abstaining from alcohol is the wisest way to avoid getting drunk. Think about it.
- Alcoholism has been rampant through every age, but the Bible never says that all believers should therefore refrain from drinking.
- If Christians want to forbid all alcohol consumption to avoid drunkenness, then to be consistent, they should also avoid making a lot of money to guard against the crushing sin of materialism and the misuse of wealth.
What About our Testimony? I sometimes hear that when Christians drink, it ruins their testimony. But quite honestly, I’ve never understood this line of thinking. It’s one thing if you’ve struggled with alcoholism or are ministering in a Muslim country, but for the most part, most non-Christians I know are turned off by the arbitrary dos and don’ts created by modern Christians.
I’m not convinced that if my unbelieving neighbor sees me slipping into a pub, I will lose much traction to my Gospel witness. In many cases, the Gospel will shine brighter when you break down wrong assumptions about Christianity by having a beer with your neighbor. When we strip away all the man-made clutter that dims the Gospel, the full glory of Jesus shines much brighter.
A good chunk of the dying world that’s rejected Christianity hasn’t said no to Jesus, but no to a pharisaical version of Him. Some people have been turned off by the Gospel because they’ve thought that becoming a Christ-follower meant giving up having a beer with your friends after work.
- If this is the “good news” we preach, then the true beauty of a crucified and risen King will become covered in the fog of a man-made, pharisaical “don’t drink” gospel.
- AA didn’t hang on a cross for your sins and abstaining from alcohol won’t give you resurrection life.
- Any Christianese, man-made, unbiblical footnotes to the gospel are actually a distraction and offense to the Gospel.
Lower Alcohol Content? Now, some say that wine in the Bible was nothing more than grape juice and therefore neither Jesus nor the Biblical writers advocated drinking alcohol. Others say that wine was so diluted that it hardly contained any alcohol. But neither of these views can be substantiated by what the Scriptures actually say.
- If wine was really unfermented grape juice, then why did Paul warn the Ephesians: “Do not get drunk with grape juice, which is debauchery, but be filled by the Spirit?” This doesn’t make sense.
- It is true that wine back then probably had a lower ABV than today’s stuff.
- But whatever the alcohol content, people were quite able to get smashed by drinking too much of it (Proverbs 20:1; Isaiah 5:11).
Still, the Bible never says not to drink it. There’s another alcoholic beverage mentioned in the Bible called “strong drink. The Hebrew word for “strong drink,” shakar, refers to fermented barley, which is why some translations call it “beer.” Shakar had an ABV of around 6-12 percent, similar to a Belgium Tripel Ale or a Double IPA.
Like all alcoholic beverages, the Bible prohibits abusing beer (Isaiah 5:11; 28:7; Proverbs 20:1; 31:4). But in moderation, drinking beer was encouraged (Proverbs 31:6). In fact, Deuteronomy 14:26 actually commands Israelites to use some of their tithe money to buy some beers and celebrate before the Lord.
(Ever hear that verse being read as the ushers are passing the plates?) They were also commanded to offer up two liters of beer to God six days a week and even more on the Sabbath (see Numbers 28:7-10). This is why the absence of beer (and wine) was an outcome of God’s judgment on the nation.
Wine as a Blessing But the Bible goes further than admitting that drinking is simply allowed. Throughout Scripture, the production and consumption of beer and wine are often connected to the covenant promises of God. Under the old covenant, wine is a blessing (Deut 7:13; 11:14) and the absence of wine a curse (28:39, 51).
When Israel looked to the future, God promises to flood them wine flowing from the mountaintops (Amos 9:14; Joel 3:18) and vats brimming with fresh wine (Joel 2:19, 24). Jesus signals the beginning of such blessings by creating an over-abundance (150 gallons) of wine at Cana (John 2:1-10).
And on the eve of his death, He sanctified a cup of wine as “the new covenant in my blood” (Luke 22:14-23). When Christ comes back, He’ll prepare “well-aged wine” (Isaiah 25:6)—the stuff I only notice on the top shelf but can never afford—and for theological reasons it will be served, as at Cana, in abundance.
Although a good beer and rich wine are blessings from God, they should be consumed with caution. There’s a growing tendency, however, among some younger evangelicals to celebrate their freedom without discipline. These young, restless, and slightly inebriated libertines are doing some great things for the Kingdom.
They’re feeding the poor, living in community and planting authentic churches—or missional communities—all to the glory of God. Yes, God cares about the poor; He also cares about your sobriety. Enjoying alcohol in moderation takes discipline, and many beer drinkers, I hate to say it, aren’t known for their discipline.
A good glass of beer can be celebratory; it doesn’t belong in the hands of an undisciplined 16-year-old playing video games in his mom’s basement. Belgium ale is strong and complex. Savor it, sanctify it, and let it meditate on your palate. Give glory to God, not just to your thirst, when enjoying the blessings that flow from Eden.
Drunkenness may not be at the top of God’s list of most heinous sins; neither should it be tossed aside as a relic of American fundamentalism. Drinking alcohol without celebrating the Cross and Kingdom is theologically anemic. Abusing alcohol mocks the blood of Christ and scoffs at God’s holiness. But moderate, intentional, celebratory and reflective drinking of wine and beer, which contemplates the crucified and risen King and anticipates our future glory, is rooted in the grace that poured from Christ’s veins on Calvary.
Is Eating Bacon a Sin?
I originally wrote this post for in 2014. : Should Christians Drink Alcohol?
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Can Christians get tattoos?
Christianity – Some Christians take issue with tattooing, upholding the Hebrew prohibition (see below). The Hebrew prohibition is based on interpreting Leviticus 19:28—”Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you”—so as to prohibit tattoos, and perhaps even makeup.
Interpretations of the passage vary, however. Some believe that it refers specifically to, and exclusively prohibits, an ancient form of self-mutilation during mourning (as discussed in the Judaism section ). Under this interpretation, tattooing is permitted to Jews and Christians. Another interpretation is that it refers only to the tattooing of ink with ashes of deceased family.
Others hold that the prohibition of Leviticus 19:28, regardless of its interpretation, is not binding upon Christians—just as prohibitions like “nor shall there come upon you a garment of cloth made of two kinds of stuff” (Lev.19:19) are not binding—because it is part of the Jewish ceremonial law, binding only upon the Jewish people (see New Covenant § Christian view ).
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What does God say about pork?
Pig As Symbol Barnyard Animal Holds Significant Meaning For Jews, Christians And Muslims Throughout history, the pig has been an animal with a deeply fraught significance for Christians and Jews as well as Muslims. Why, for example, are Jews forbidden to eat pig meat at the same time Christians happily serve up ham for Easter? The answer may involve more than simply the biblical prohibition against Jews eating pork.
If you understand the pig’s symbolism, you can understand the complex and often tortured relationship between Jews and Christians, says French cultural anthropologist Claudine Fabre-Vassas. In her book “The Singular Beast: Jews, Christians and the Pig” (Columbia University Press, 1997), Fabre-Vassas depicts the pig not only as a beloved figure in medieval and modern Christian households, prized as both a pet in peasant cultures and a source of delicious food, but also as a symbol of a hated figure, the Jew, of the very group that scorns it as unclean.
Fabre-Vassas argues that the cultural tension between those who did and those who did not eat pork helps set the stage for a murderous anti-Semitism. The Jewish interdiction against the pig is first mentioned in the Old Testament. In Leviticus 11:27, God forbids Moses and his followers to eat swine “because it parts the hoof but does not chew the cud.” Furthermore, the prohibition goes, “Of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch; they are unclean to you.” That message is later reinforced in Deuteronomy.
Muslims, who follow Mosaic law, inherited the prohibition. Over the years, various explanations have been offered for the Old Testament commandment. The 12th-century rabbi, Moses Maimonides, court physician to the Muslim sultan and warrior Saladin, said the prohibition against eating pig meat was for health reasons as it had a “bad and damaging effect” upon the body.
Beginning in the 19th century, scholars offered a different explanation. In “The Golden Bough,” Sir James Frazer wrote that pig meat was forbidden because it had originally been an animal used for sacrifice. “All so-called unclean animals were originally sacred,” Sir James wrote.
“The reason for not eating them is that many were originally divine.” British anthropologist Mary Douglas, in her 1966 book “Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo,” explains the prohibition as a problem of taxonomy: The pig did not fit conveniently into the Israelites’ definitions of what a domestic animal should be (the cloven hooves, the failure to chew their cuds like cows).
Animals like pigs that cross over definitions, Douglas argues, that crawl instead of walk or swarm instead of fly, defied the tribal need to create an intellectual ordering of the world. Disorder of any kind, Douglas writes, provided a frightening glimpse into the chaos inherent in the universe.
- Later, another anthropologist, Marvin Harris, gave a decidedly utilitarian explanation for the taboo against pork, arguing in his 1974 book “Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches: The Riddles of Culture” that the prohibition was a response to the realities of nomadic life in the arid stretches of Palestine.
- Harris points out that the pig does indeed wallow in its own filth and eats its own feces, but usually only under conditions of severe drought.
Cows and sheep will also eat their own feces under extremely dry conditions, he adds. But pigs require larger amounts of moisture than cows or sheep, he says, and are therefore difficult to raise in hot, dry climates: It was easier, in the end, to forbid people to eat something that they might long for.
- Better then, to interdict the consumption of pork entirely,” Harris writes, “and to concentrate on raising goats, sheep and cattle.
- Pigs tasted good, but it was too expensive to feed them and keep them cool.” Whatever the reason, the prohibition against eating pig meat became an identifying feature, a defining characteristic of Jewishness.
And that, says Alan Dundes, professor of anthropology and folklore at the University of California, Berkeley, is precisely the reason that Christians not only eat pork, but even celebrate it by eating it on holidays. “You distinguish yourself by not doing what others do,” Dundes writes.
- It was in the early Christian period, in the first century, that the great divide opened up between those who ate pork and those who didn’t.
- Early Christians, then simply a sect among the Jews, were faced with the problem of distinguishing themselves.
- They did not circumcise their children.
- And they ate pork, the very animal that their fellow Jews avoided.
What’s more, where Jews, under biblical command, drained the blood of meat before they ate it, Christians symbolically drank the blood of Christ, and ate His body through the sacrament of the Eucharist. “There is virtually no religion that we know of that doesn’t define itself with food,” said Gillian Feeley-Harnik, a professor of anthropology at Johns Hopkins University and the author of “The Lord’s Table: The Meaning of Food in Early Judaism and Christianity” (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994).
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Was Jesus a Vegan?
“Jesus’ disruption of the animal sacrifice business in the temple shows that Jesus not only believed in this principle himself but was also willing to die for it. It was this incident which led to his arrest and crucifixion.” – This act demonstrates Jesus’ compassion for animals more clearly than any of the teachings of the modern church.
- In modern terms, Jesus was a vegan.
- If we are to be true to the spirit of Jesus’ teachings, we must make it our mission to spread this message of compassion far and wide.
- Eith Akers has been speaking and writing about vegetarianism and vegan living for four decades.
- He is the author of A Vegetarian Sourcebook (Putnam’s, 1983), The Lost Religion of Jesus (Lantern, 2000), and Disciples (Apocryphile Press, 2013).
He is currently an organizer of the Denver Vegans meetup and is working on a book relating vegan living with environmental issues. His blog is https://www.compassionatespirit.com,
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What is God’s favorite food?
What is God’s favorite food? In a poll of several hundred experts, angel food cake was voted the preferred cuisine of heaven. Angel hair pasta came in second. But Angel Food Ice Cream kept showing up as a favorite from kids in Memphis, Tenn. Is this some new flavor? When I discovered there’s an ice cream brand in Memphis by this name, I called its office. Marketing director Preston Klinke said: “God hasn’t told me directly, but if I had to guess about heaven’s favorite flavor, I’d say it’s homemade vanilla or vanilla bean. The flavor is heavenly.” Laia, 14, disagrees. “The fruit that was growing on the tree in the middle of the garden” was God’s favorite food. “God didn’t want Adam and Eve to eat it because it was his tree.” Sounds fishy, Laia. Fish! That’s it, says Kate, 6. “God’s favorite food is goldfish because the streets are paved with gold.” Philip, 12, says everyone is wrong. God doesn’t have time to eat because we keep him very busy. “God does not have a favorite food because he doesn’t eat because he is always watching over us.” It’s true God is always watching over us, but he’s not trapped by his responsibilities. Jesus took time to enjoy meals with his disciples. In Jesus’ time, eating together was a way of saying you had a relationship with someone. People from Bible times might change our modern saying, “you are what you eat” to “you are the people with whom you eat.” Jesus astonished everyone when he accepted a dinner invitation from a tax collector named Levi. Tax collectors were considered traitors working for foreign oppressors. Many became wealthy by fleecing their own countrymen. The Pharisees — religious leaders — recoiled in shock when they saw Jesus eating with tax collectors. Later, Jesus described the righteousness of the Pharisees as a cup that’s clean on the outside but dirty on the inside (Luke 11:39). According to Jesus, the way to get clean on the outside is to be clean on the inside. And for that it is necessary to eat bread, but not like any bread you’ve ever bought at the bakery. “God’s favorite food is bread because he saved the Israelites with manna (a kind of bread),” says Emily, 12. “And he had the Passover with his disciples sharing the bread, which was the symbol of his body. That was the last food he ate before he died on the cross to save us from our sins.” Several times Jesus compared himself to bread: “I am the bread of life. He who comes to me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst” (John 6:35). At the Passover meal before his death, Jesus took bread, broke it, gave it to his disciples and said, “This is my body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of me” (Luke 22:19). So if Jesus’ body is bread and we need bread to live, then if we eat this spiritual bread, we should get a full soul. When we think we need food, we might just be hungry for a bite of God. I guess chocolate isn’t the most important thing in life! Think about this: During Jesus’ ministry he turned down an offer of food from his disciples by saying: “I have food to eat of which you do not know. My food is to do the will of him who sent me” (John 4:32, 34). Memorize this truth: John 6:35 previously quoted. Ask this question: Have you eaten the bread of life? Listen to a talking book, download the “Kids Color Me Bible” for free, watch Kid TV Interviews and travel around the world by viewing the “Mission Explorers Streaming Video” at www.KidsTalkAboutGod.org. Bible quotations are from the New King James Version. To find out more about Carey Kinsolving and read features by other Creators Syndicate writers, visit the Creators Syndicate website at www.creators.com. (c) COPYRIGHT 2012 CAREY KINSOLVING DISTRIBUTED BY CREATORS SYNDICATE INC. : What is God’s favorite food?
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Is it a sin to be a Vegan?
Mark 7 – Jesus declares all foods clean – Most Christians maintain that Jesus’s teaching in Mark 7 demonstrates that Christians can eat whatever they want, that dietary choices are a matter of “Christian liberty”, and that therefore vegetarianism or veganism could never be obligatory for Christians.
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When did God say it’s OK to eat meat?
The Bible’s stance on eating meat may surprise you Spring is a time to explore Ventura County’s food offerings Go to a vegetarian dinner in Ojai. Stock up on tomato seedlings in Fillmore. Visit the Easter bunny (and pick your own produce) in Moorpark. Take your pick between beer and tequila tastings in Ventura. Yep, there’s plenty to do, see and taste this weekend in Ventura County. Q: I have an ongoing problem because I’m living as a hypocrite. I’m an animal lover but I eat meat. I don’t eat veal or lamb because they are from young animals, but I eat meat, fish, fowl and eggs. Is there anything in the Bible that refers to this or to Christ’s personal practice? Did Jesus eat meat? I’m aware that I’m looking for absolution for eating meat, but I can’t get rid of this conflict in my mind. As I say, it is hypocritical. I would never hunt or fish, but I eat what someone else kills to put meat on my table. Is killing and eating animals a sin in the eyes of God or Jesus? What would Jesus have said? – From L P.S. I contribute to many animal groups, especially to help farm animals and to ban dog racing, etc., but it doesn’t erase the guilt. A: In Genesis 1:29 God speaks to Adam, “And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb-bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for food.” In the second chapter of Genesis (2:16-17) vegetarianism is re-affirmed as people’s spiritually proper diet. However, one tree in the Garden of Eden bore forbidden fruit, “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.” Nothing could be clearer. God does not want us to eat meat. People are made in God’s image and animals are not, but this spiritual difference is not sufficiently morally significant to allow killing animals for food. Killing another person is a capital crime and a sin. Killing an animal is just a sin. The moral and spiritual ambiguity about eating meat is made more explicit in the ninth chapter of Genesis (Genesis 9:3-6) when God tells Noah in the covenant made with him after the Great Flood, “Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things. But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat. And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life of man. Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.” So God has a change of heart and strikes what I consider to be a perfect spiritual balance. God is saying that being a vegetarian is clearly the higher way, but it is not the only way. Meat is not murder, but it is not the highest moral level to which we can elevate our diet. Eating meat also makes us comfortable around blood, and blood is life. Spilling the blood of animals makes us less revolted by spilling the blood of people. This nuanced position that eating meat is a concession to human carnivorous urges but not our highest level helps us to learn that the Bible offers us many levels of spiritual practice. We can live a life on as high a level as we want. The question of whether or not Jesus was a vegetarian is complicated. There is no direct statement on the subject by Jesus in the New Testament. The story of Jesus feeding fish to people would support the view that Jesus may have been a pescatarian. Paul seems to have been more open to meat eating, but even Paul was open to vegetarianism. In 1 Corinthians 8:13 Paul said, “Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend.” So for Paul vegetarianism was a way of not offending vegetarian hosts, but was not an explicit command of God. Modern Christianity has produced the vegetarian Seventh Day Adventists who are vegetarians because of the teachings of their co-founder Ellen G. White. So what can I say to ease your carnivorous guilt? I would suggest that you experiment with meatless Mondays, and then no meat till dinner, and then maybe a period of time when you eat no meat for a period of time. Your moral intuitions are right. There is something hypocritical about the way we profess life and then eat the world to death. Remember that your journey to God has many levels and you ought to have no shame or guilt about the stage of your journey that you have reached so far. Send questions and comments to The God Squad via email at [email protected]. Rabbi Gellman is the author of several books, including “Religion for Dummies,” co-written with Fr. Tom Hartman. : The Bible’s stance on eating meat may surprise you
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Did Jesus ever eat fish?
P. Benoit also agrees that Jesus ate the fish — not because his glorified body needed to eat, but because with ‘pedagogical condescension’, he wanted to prove to his disciples that he could eat and was not a mere phantom (Passion et Résurrection du Seigneur, p.
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What did Jesus eat kids?
Based on the Bible and historical records, Jesus most likely ate a diet similar to the Mediterranean diet, which includes foods like kale, pine nuts, dates, olive oil, lentils and soups. They also baked fish. AJ Jacobs and Dr.
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How tall was Jesus?
What Research and Science Can Tell Us About Jesus – In 2001, the retired medical artist Richard Neave led a team of Israeli and British forensic anthropologists and computer programmers in creating a new image of Jesus, based on an Israeli skull dating to the first century A.D., computer modeling and their knowledge of what Jewish people looked like at the time.
Though no one claims it’s an exact reconstruction of what Jesus himself actually looked like, scholars consider this image—around five feet tall, with darker skin, dark eyes, and shorter, curlier hair—to be more accurate than many artistic depictions of the son of God. In her 2018 book What Did Jesus Look Like?, Taylor used archaeological remains, historical texts and ancient Egyptian funerary art to conclude that, like most people in Judea and Egypt around the time, Jesus most likely had brown eyes, dark brown to black hair and olive-brown skin.
He may have stood about 5-ft.-5-in. (166 cm) tall, the average man’s height at the time. While Cargill agrees that these more recent images of Jesus—including darker, perhaps curlier hair, darker skin and dark eyes—probably come closer to the truth, he stresses that we can never really know exactly what Jesus looked like.
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What is Holy eat?
‘Holy Eating’ is based on one big idea: The most compelling intellectual, moral and personal reasons for behavioral change often won’t produce change at all if they don’t have a religious or spiritual component. That’s hardly a novel concept. It is the core of 12-step addiction programs.
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What religion can’t touch meat?
Religion and food: Lord knows, they don’t mix T here are lots of good reasons for cutting down on meat; Jesus really isn’t one of them. Not that the Catholic Church would agree. A few weeks ago the UK’s bishops declared that they would be encouraging their congregations to give up flesh on Fridays as a way to “deepen the spiritual aspects of their lives”.
Organised religions have form where this sort of thing is concerned. This summer also saw the publication of Kosher Modern, a cookbook designed to make the stringent dietary rules of observant Jews – no pork, no shellfish, no mixing of milk and meat – an opportunity rather than a constraint. A few years ago, a Welsh Hindu community went to court (unsuccessfully), marked down for slaughter because he had tested positive for bovine tuberculosis.
Hindus don’t eat beef. They worship the animals. The Muslims don’t eat pork. The Buddhists are vegetarians and the Jains are strict vegans who won’t even touch root vegetables because of the damage it does to the plants. From this I can reach only one conclusion: God is a seriously picky eater.
- And yes, I know, the Jains and the Buddhists don’t have an overarching deity per se, but you get the point.
- The divine is marked by a palate that would shame a three-year-old brought up on crisps and Sunny Delight.
- Now, of course, our parents taught us the importance of respect and tolerance.
- On the latter part of this agenda I am completely with the project.
My, but the things I tolerate: members of the UK Independence Party, Alan Sugar, Channel 5. But, as I get older the first part of that equation, the respect part, is, with the rest of me, withering. Worship however and whatever you wish, but don’t expect me to respect you for it.
From this you might assume that I am a head-banging atheist. You would be absolutely right. In this admittedly fundamentalist world view, life is one huge cosmic joke. That being the case, eating pork belly, sucking lobster from the shell, and scarfing cheese burgers is simply a way of making sense of it all or at best passing the time.
From this you can also tell I am a Very Bad Jew. And rightly so, because none of it makes the blindest bit of sense. Once upon a time eating pork in a hot country might have been a bad idea but not now. The prohibition of mixing meat and dairy arises because of a passage in Exodus, in which it is declared an abomination to cook the baby goat in its mother’s milk.
- Well, I’m with the Bible on that.
- But that’s not a reason for banning cheeseburgers.
- So it’s just a thing my Jewish brethren do.
- Why? Because it defines difference.
- It sets them apart.
- Just as the strict veganism of the Jains sets them apart from the vegetarianism of the Buddhists.
- Each to their own, I suppose.
I will tolerate you. But it really does sound like a miserable notion. Still, if you can’t beat them, join them. It happens that I hate Heinz baked beans. I also think salt-fermented sea cucumber is disgusting. I am therefore establishing a new religion with me as its god.
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What religion can’t eat eggs?
Hinduism – Hindus do not eat eggs, fish, meat, or poultry, but do eat dairy. For this, they are considered lacto-vegetarians. Brahmins, a class of Hinduism, have special restrictions on who and how their food is prepared and stored. All practicing Hindus have several fasting periods, some of which are limited to plant foods and others that are more strict.
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What religion doesn’t eat chocolate?
The Catholic Problem with Chocolate When the Spanish arrived in Meso-America, they found cacao and chocolate to serve central roles in Aztec and Mayan religion, economics, and social life. Despite the Spaniards initial lack of taste for the beverage, and its association with both the power and polytheism of the Aztec civilization, it continued to thrive in both its symbolic and material capacities, perhaps even growing in importance after the arrival of the Europeans (Coe and Coe).
- In particular, the centrality of chocolate in the Aztec religious lore and its perceived mystical qualities of healing and distorting the mind made chocolate a problematic symbol for the Catholic Spaniards arriving in the New World, often standing in opposition to a Catholic world view.
- Before the arrival of the conquistadors in Meso-America, chocolate held a significant and almost sacred place in Aztec religion.
In one tale, the Aztec Goddess Coatlicue tells a group of Aztec sorcerers that the chocolate they so regularly ate and drank had burdened them, causing them to grow old and tired (Coe and Coe, 76-77). So important was chocolate in the Aztec world that Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina, the Aztec ruler said to have dispatched the sorcerers on this mission, was allegedly brought to tears when he learned of the Goddess’ suggestion (Coe and Coe, 78).
- However, it was not only in myths and religious lore that chocolate appeared, but also in many of the rituals associated with the Aztec religion.
- Chocolate beverages played an integral role in an annual sacrifice to the Aztec God Quetzalcoatl, purportedly causing the soon-to-be sacrificed slave to rejoice at the prospect of his own death (Coe and Coe, 103).
Further, chocolate appeared frequently in marriage rituals; the image of an Aztec woman pouring chocolate into a ritual pot illustrates this use of chocolate (Coe and Coe, 97). Another image shows an illustration of the Mayan God of Maize, here depicted as himself forming a cacao tree.
- The fact that the plant itself took the form of a God in this illustration indicates that its importance transcended that of other commodities and foodstuffs.
- From all of this it is clear that chocolate played a central role in the Aztec and Mayan religious traditions, but the question remains; how did this symbolism interact with the Catholicism that arrived with the Spaniards from across the Atlantic? Catholic missionaries in the New World struggled over the topic of chocolate in two ways: first, in their analysis of its place in their own religious tradition and second, in their concern with its symbolic power among the natives.
Chocolate in many ways was an unknown quantity for the Europeans arriving in the New World, and as such there was a serious debate as to its place in Catholic fasting rituals. “Por otra parte, el chocolate también fue motivo de preocupación, amén de largas y copiosas disquisisiones sobre su posible estorbo en las prácticas coditionas en cuanto al sacramento de la eucaristía, por su propoable interferencia con el ayuno” (Méndez, 11).
” On the other hand, chocolate was also a cause for worry, as evidenced by the many long written discussions about its possible hindrance in daily practices relating to the sacrament of the Eucarist, for its probable interference with the fast.” This internal debate within Catholicism made chocolate a problematic commodity for the Spaniards, and as such many conservative Catholic priests prohibited its consumption during the fast (Méndez, 11).
But chocolate’s symbolic role in opposition to Catholicism extended beyond just this internal Catholic debate; perhaps in part due to the missionaries’ uncertainty as to how to classify this drink, the Spaniards viewed a number of the myths and folk beliefs about chocolate to be threats to the Catholic and European way of life.
Méndez writes that “hemos encontrado varios documentos en los que se denuncia algún uso heterodoxo del chocolate” (Méndez, 12). ” We have found various documents in which certain heterodox uses of chocolate are denounced.” In other words, it was not uncommon for Spanish and Catholic authorities in the New World to take issue with the ways in which chocolate was used in Meso-America, particularly in relation to its perceived mystical qualities.
Méndez describes a number of first-hand accounts of these types of practices, in which chocolate was combined with other ingredients to allow the drinker to predict the future or to influence amorous relations. Chocolate’s central role in a number of mystical and ritualistic practices made it a symbolic threat to the Catholic Church, which opposed the types of paranormal understandings of the world supported by these rituals.
The interplay between the Spanish conquistadors and the Aztecs, particularly in relation to chocolate and its symbolic importance with respect to religion, served as one of the defining features of the European colonial period in Meso-America. In the above image, conquistador Hernán Cortés is portrayed accepting chocolate from the Aztec ruler Montezuma, who holds a cross-like arfifact in his hand, symbolic of the influx of Christianity and the power it had obtained.
The fact that Cortés is taking chocolate as a tribute is symbolic of both its economic and religious importance in the Aztec society; by taking the chocolate, he is asserting the dominance of the Spanish over the Aztecs and taking control of a particularly important and problematic commodity.
Works Cited Coe, Sophie D. and Coe, Michael D. The true history of chocolate,280 p., (2013). Méndez, María Águeda. Una relación conflictiva: la Inquisición novohispana y el chocolate,C.M.H.LB. Caravelle n° 71, pp.9-21, Toulouse, 1998. http://www.jstor.org.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/stable/pdf/40853490.pdf?acceptTC=true Multimedia Sources Image of Aztec Woman pouring chocolate.
http://www.worldstandards.eu/chocolate%20-%20history.html Image of Mayan Maize God. http://www.worldstandards.eu/chocolate%20-%20history.html Image of Cortés and Montezuma. http://lifeofthepartyalways.com/chocolate-margarita-martini-fridays-5-oclock-wet-your-whistle-call/ : The Catholic Problem with Chocolate
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What was the diet that Jesus ate?
Diet Gurus Are Asking, What Would Jesus Eat? If doctors had to identify the deadliest sin affecting Americans today, they would probably name gluttony as the No.1 killer. As obesity in the United States reaches epidemic proportions, with more than 60% of adults overweight or obese, public policymakers and health officials are scrambling to find ways to improve the American diet.
But Dr. Don Colbert, physician and nutritionist, thinks the obesity crisis could be solved if Americans would pause before inhaling a super-sized fast food meal and ask themselves a simple question: “Would Jesus eat this?” If it’s loaded with saturated fats, sugar or artificial ingredients, the answer is no, said Colbert, whose recent book “What Would Jesus Eat?,” combines biblical scholarship with conventional dietary wisdom.
“The gluttonous spirit is deadly,” he said. “I’ve seen so many diseases related to dietary excess, so why not go back to the owner’s manual, the Bible, to see what Jesus ate?”
- Jesus essentially ate a Mediterranean diet rich in whole grains, fish, fruit and vegetables and with modest amounts of olive oil, meat and wine, Colbert says.
- Anything the Old Testament blacklists in its dietary prescriptions is out, including shellfish, pork products, horses, camels, birds of prey and other carnivores.
- Colbert, a Mississippi native who studied for a year at a Bible college and also trained at medical school, said he wrote the book and its companion, “The What Would Jesus Eat Cook Book,” both published by Thomas Nelson, after realizing that many of the fattest Americans are dedicated fundamentalist Christians.
- “Most people say, ‘Hey, it’s important that I live a Christian life, but my body’s not that important,’ ” he said.
“They’ll go to heaven. The only problem is, if they neglect their bodies, they’ll go to heaven a lot faster.” With six new books in his Bible Cure series set to come out this fall, including books on combating cholesterol, diabetes and thyroid problems through diet and prayer, Colbert’s Bible-based diet message has expanded far beyond his private practice at the Divine Wellness Center in Longwood, Fla.
- Others say Jesus would probably approve of genetically modified food, given his propensity for transforming and multiplying food.
- “He was clearly not against the need to alter and change food,” said Arthur Caplan, head of the department of medical ethics at the University of Pennsylvania, referring to Jesus’ transformation of water into wine and his multiplying of the loaves and fishes.
- Although there may be disagreement over what Jesus would choose – given the options of a veggie burger, broiled lamb with garbanzo beans or genetically modified corn on the cob – growing numbers of Christians are looking to the Bible for dietary guidance, hoping that Scripture might succeed where science has failed in inspiring healthy eating habits.
Dr. Stephen Kaufman, co-chairman of the Christian Vegetarian Assn., said he hopes more Christians will start making faith-based choices about what they eat. “There are a lot of people out there for whom diet is a reflection of their faith,” he said. “We’re taught to take care of our bodies, the temple of God’s spirit, as Paul said.” Kaufman disagrees with Colbert’s claim that Jesus would eat meat, arguing that although red meat may have been acceptable fare in Jesus’ time, modern agricultural practices make meat an unhealthy dietary choice, as well as an immoral one.
- Other groups that evoke Jesus to promote vegetarianism go even further.
- “The biblical evidence that Jesus was a vegetarian is very strong,” said Bruce Friedrich, vegan campaign director for the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, which started holding up Jesus as a dietary role model in 1998 with its controversial slogan “Jesus Was a Vegetarian.”
- Some, however, say it’s impossible to extract a dietary ethic from the New Testament, citing a lack of scriptural evidence.
“No diet should invoke Jesus,” said Russell Moore, assistant professor of theology at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Ky. “He nowhere universalizes his diet any more than he advocates wearing robes and sandals.” Calling the Christian vegetarian movement an “attempt to co-opt Jesus for left-wing animal rights propaganda,” Moore cited Paul’s letter to the Romans, which calls vegetarians weak, as proof that the Bible sanctions meat eating.
Although Jesus’ eating habits may not offer up an obvious set of guidelines, any philosophy that will help Americans lose weight should be counted as a blessing, said Caplan, who also directs the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania. “Putting aside theology, if you can motivate people to eat better by saying Jesus ate a moderate diet, that’s not a bad thing, even if the textual support isn’t there,” he said.
“Getting someone to drop 20 pounds in the name of Jesus is not the worst heresy.” : Diet Gurus Are Asking, What Would Jesus Eat?
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What was Jesus favorite food and drink?
4. JESUS’ FAVORITE FOOD WAS FISH – Okay. This one is a stretch. But there does seem to be a lot of fish in the New Testament accounts about His life. For one, He chose to call “fishermen” as His followers. He could have called Butchers or farmers, but Noooooowhy? Because He likes fish! Two, upon His resurrection and prior to His ascension, He shares an important meal with His disciples, possibly the last meal, and what was on the menu? Yup.
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What did Jesus eat for dinner?
Artist Giacomo Raffaelli’s mosaic copy of Leonardo da Vinci’s “Last Supper,” from 1816. (Image credit: Renata Sedmakova) A bean stew, lamb, olives, bitter herbs, a fish sauce, unleavened bread, dates and aromatized wine likely were on the menu at the Last Supper, says recent research into Palestinian cuisine during Jesus’s time.
The food wasn’t eaten during a formal seated gathering at a rectangular table, as shown in many religious art paintings, but with Jesus and his apostles reclining on floor cushions, as the Romans did at that time. The study by two Italian archaeologists relied on Bible verses, Jewish writings, ancient Roman works and archaeological data to investigate the eating habits in Jerusalem at the beginning of the 1st century A.D.
Video: DaVinci’s Outline In The Last Supper? “The Bible discusses what happened during that dinner, but it doesn’t detail what Jesus and his 12 dining companions ate,” Generoso Urciuoli, archaeologist at Italy’s Petrie center and author of the Archeoricette blog on ancient food, told Discovery News.
Urciuoli, who specializes on the history of early Christianity, and co-author Marta Berogno, archaeologist and Egyptologist at Turin Egypt’s museum, will publish their findings next month in the book “Gerusalemme: l’Ultima Cena” (Jerusalem: the Last Supper). “The starting point is the assumption that Jesus was a Jew.
He and his disciples observed the traditions transmitted by the Torah and its food related bans,” Urciuoli said. Commemorated today by Christians, the Last Supper is the final meal that, according to the Gospel, Jesus shared with his closest disciples in Jerusalem hours before he was turned over by Judas to Roman soldiers and crucified.
- Was Last Supper a Day Earlier? The scene was immortalized by Leonardo Da Vinci, but the masterpiece, one of the world’s most famous and powerful paintings, isn’t historically accurate, according to Urciuoli.
- Leonardo’s mural derives from centuries of iconographic codes.
- Embodying the sacrament of the eucharist, the Last Supper has a very strong symbolic meaning and this does not help the historical reconstruction,” Urciuoli said.
Putting together historical data and clues from artworks such as third century A.D. catacombs paintings, the researchers were able to reconstruct food and eating habits in Palestine 2,000 years ago. The picture that emerges is completely different from traditional renderings of the Last Supper.
- The dinner, which happened on the upper room of a house in Jerusalem, wasn’t a seated gathering at a rectangular table.
- At that time in Palestine, food was placed on low tables and guests ate in reclining position on floor cushions and carpets,” Urciuoli said.
- Improbable Resurrections: 5 Real Cases Plates, bowls and jars were likely made of stone.
Evidence for 1st century A.D. stone vessels has been found at numerous sites near Jerusalem and Galilee. “Jews that observed the rules of purity used stone vessels because they were not susceptible to transmitting impurity,” Urciuoli said. “Another possibility is the use of fine red terra sigillata pottery, an international trend at that time,” he added.
- The position of the guests around the table followed a precise rule, and the the most important were those at the right and left of the main guest.
- Verses from the gospels of John indicate Judas was very close to Jesus, probably to his immediate left.
- Indeed, we are told that Judas dipped bread into Jesus’s dish, following the practice of sharing food from a common bowl,” Urciuoli said.
Fact-Checking the Bible Urciuoli and Berogno narrowed the search for the food present at the Last Supper by reconstructing two other important meals mentioned in the New Testament, the wedding at Cana, which records the water to wine miracle, and Herod’s banquet, famous for the beheading of John the Baptist.
- The wedding at Cana allowed us to understand the Jewish religious dietary laws, known as kashrut, which established what foods can and cannot be eaten and how they must be prepared.
- On the other side, Herod’s Banquet allowed us to analyze Roman culinary influences in Jerusalem,” Urciuoli said.
- Apart from wine and bread, tzir, a variant of the Roman fish sauce garum, was likely present both at the wedding of Cana and Herod’s banquet, as well as at the Last Supper, the authors said.
Detailing their research in the book, Urciuoli and Berogno also hypothesize the Last Supper might have occurred during the Feast of Booths or Tabernacles, an autumn feast commemorating the years the Israelites spent in the desert in fragile dwellings after the exodus.
But according to the Gospel of Mark, Jesus prepared for the Last Supper on the “first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb.” Jesus’ House? Structure May Be Where He Grew Up If the Last Supper was a Passover dinner, held by Jews then as now to commemorate the exodus from Egypt, the meal would have likely included lamb.
Scripture provides us with another clue: unleavened bread and wine were also on the menu. Jesus broke bread and blessed wine, telling his Apostles that the bread was his body and the wine was his blood — thus laying the basis for the communion. According to Urciuoli and Berogno, other food on the table would have included cholent, a stewed dish of beans cooked very low and slow, olives with hyssop, a herb with a mint-like taste, bitter herbs with pistachios and a date charoset, a chunky fruit and nut paste.
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What did Jesus have for breakfast?
Jim Campbell, DMin, dives into the diet of those living in the Holy Land, and illuminates what it would have been like to dine with Jesus. – There were a variety of foods available in the Holy Land. Chief crops were wheat, barley, olives, grapes; legumes such as lentils, fava beans, chickpeas; and vegetables such as onions, leeks, and garlic. Life was also made sweeter with fruits such as olives, grapes, date palms, apples, watermelon, pomegranates, figs, and sycamores (a low-quality fig eaten mainly by the poor).
The people also raised sheep, goats, and cattle, and fished from the Mediterranean and the Sea of Galilee. Wine from the grapes was the main beverage. Each day began with a light breakfast of bread or a piece for fruit. Bread was kneaded and baked every day, one of the mother’s main chores. At midday, those in the Holy Land would eat a light lunch of bread, grain, olives, and figs.
The main meal was eaten at the end of the day. Dinner was a one-pot stew served in a common bowl. Bread was used to spoon the stew. The stew might be a thick porridge of vegetables, lentils, or chickpeas spiced with herbs. Meat was only served occasionally, fish more often, mostly when the family had an important guest. Jan Luyken’s Jesus Turns Water into Wine.
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